Consequences Of Lack Of Blood Flow To The Hip
Lack of blood flow to any part of the body may lead to not only malfunction of the body part but also various complications associated with it. Same is the case with the hip joint also. A lack of blood supply to the bones of the hip may result in the development of a condition called osteonecrosis of the hip or in other words Avascular Necrosis of the hip.1
Avascular Necrosis of the hip is quite a painful condition which ultimately leads to collapse of the hip bone, if not appropriately treated. Avascular Necrosis may render an individual disabled due to the pain and the individual will find it extremely difficult to carry out simple activities of daily living and ambulating even for a very short distance. In the United States alone approximately 25,000 people every year undergo hip joint replacement as a result of Avascular necrosis of the Hip. There may be many causes for the hip bones to receive inadequate supply of blood.
What Causes Lack Of Blood Flow To The Hip?
As stated, there may be many cases for lack of blood flow to the hips but some of the most common causes of it are:
Injury or Trauma: An injury or trauma to the hip resulting in dislocations or fracture of hip such as with a fall or a motor vehicle crash can damage the blood vessels catering to the blood supply to the hip thus reducing the supply and causing impaired circulation to the hip bone.2
Alcohol Abuse: Alcohol abuse has also been found to contribute to lack of blood supply to the hip. If alcohol is consumed excessively then over time it leads to fatty deposits on the arteries supplying blood to the hips. This makes the arteries narrow and impairs smooth flow of blood to the hips. This results in interrupted circulation of blood to the hips.
Chronic High Dose Steroids: There are many medical conditions which require an individual to take high dose steroids chronically like rheumatoid arthritis, SLE and asthma. There is no known reason but studies have shown that chronic use of steroids lead to lack of blood flow to the hip resulting in Avascular Necrosis of the Hip.
Medical Conditions: There are also certain medical conditions that can cause lack of blood supply to the hip. These medical conditions are Sickle Cell Anemia, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE, Crohn’s Disease, Thrombosis, and Vasculitis which result in decreased flow of blood to the hip bone causing Avascular Necrosis of the hip.
- Avascular Necrosis or Osteonecrosis: Types, Epidemiology, Causes. Symptoms, Treatment, Surgery
- What Causes Hip Joint Pain or Acetabulofemoral Joint Pain?
- What is Avascular Necrosis & Can It Heal On Its Own?
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