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Is High Blood Pressure A Metabolic Disorder?

High blood pressure is a condition represented by elevation in pressure exerted by flowing blood on the blood vessels. The condition when the blood pressure is above 130/90 mmHg is known as hypertension or blood pressure.[1] High blood pressure is one of the disorders of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a bunch of metabolic disorders that can result in heart diseases. It includes type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, clotting disorders, obesity, and hypertension. Hypertension is itself a serious health disease that possesses a high risk of heart disease. It is related to obesity, stroke, diabetes and other diseases that have a relationship with the accumulation of fats on walls of blood vessels.

Is High Blood Pressure A Metabolic Disorder?

High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It is characterized by a rise in pressure exerted by blood on the blood vessels due to a variety of reasons. The normal blood pressure of the body is 120/80 mmHg.[2] When blood pressure levels rise above 130/90 mmHg, then the condition is termed as hypertension. It rarely represents any symptom. Most of the patients don’t know that they are hypertensive. It is a silent killer and possesses a high risk of heart ailments and stroke. Increase in blood pressure exerts relevant pressure on blood vessels, heart, brain, kidney, eyes.

High blood pressure is a one of metabolic disorder that elevate the risk of serious life-threatening problems such as heart attack, strokes, heart diseases, heart failure, kidney disease, peripheral arterial disease, aortic aneurysm, and vascular dementia. It is related to carbohydrate and lipid metabolism like impaired glucose intolerance and abdominal fat. It is caused by metabolic disorders.[3]

Causes Of High Blood Pressure

The exact cause of hypertension is not known. There are some risk factors that can cause hypertension-

Aging- old people above the age of 65 years are at more risk of having hypertension.

Lifestyle- sedentary lifestyle, less physical activities, disturbed sleep, unhealthy eating habits, etc can cause a rise in blood pressure.

Race- hypertension affects more commonly to the people who belong to African or Caribbean descent.

Family History- those who have a family history of hypertension are at more risk of developing the disease.

Obesity- overweight or who have belly fat are more likely to develop hypertension.

Smoking And Alcoholism- both of them can lead to the disease.

Other Diseases- diabetes, cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis, etc can trigger high blood pressure. [4]

High blood pressure is one of the risk factors of metabolic syndrome. It is closely related to obesity, diabetes, high triglyceride levels, and heart diseases. It is a collection of risk factors that increase your chances to develop heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. It can be genetic or acquired. Most of the cases of metabolic syndrome are also called insulin resistance syndrome. It is also known as syndrome X and dysmetabolic syndrome. It is condition marked by large waistline, high fasting glucose levels, high blood pressure, low HDL and high triglyceride level.[5]

The following are the criteria of metabolic syndrome, in which if a person has any three of the five constitute metabolic syndrome-

  • The waist circumference, that symbolizes abdominal or central or visceral obesity, is more than 40 inches in men and more than 35 inches in women.
  • The triglyceride levels are high (150 mg/dL) and HDL levels (good cholesterol) are low (40 mg/dL) in the blood.
  • The blood pressure is consistently high 140/90 mmHg or higher.
  • Blood sugar levels are at higher levels (100 mg/dL) for a long time. This is also called insulin resistance.[6]

There is an increased risk of developing blood clots like deep vein thrombosis


Yes, high blood pressure or hypertension is one of the metabolic disorders, any individual who is having his blood pressure higher than 130/90 mmHg is high blood pressure. It is itself a serious disorder that can result in heart diseases. It is mostly associated with obesity, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases.


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Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:May 31, 2022

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