Truncal Obesity: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What is Truncal Obesity?

Truncal obesity is also recognized by the phrases “central obesity” and “abdominal obesity.” In truncal obesity, the body of the patient resembles an apple. Due to this reason, it is also known as the apple shaped body. When a patient suffers from truncal obesity, extra fat gets accumulated in the person’s abdominal or truncal area and this leads to numerous health problems. As a person’s heart lies in his truncal or chest area, so obesity in the truncal area may also result in some type of cardiovascular disease. However, the disorder of truncal obesity doesn’t always happen in obese or elder patients and it often turns out to be tributary to diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease.

What is Truncal Obesity?

In this disease, the BMI (body mass index) of the patient turns equal to or more than 30. When the waist circumference of men is 40 inches (>102 cm) and 35 inches (>88 cm) in women then it is measured as central obesity. People who suffer from fat in the truncal region suffer from a higher risk of serious health problems compared to people who have fats around their thighs, arms, and hips. Truncal obesity habitually leads to Type 2 diabetes mellitus and can also be the reason for back strain. Females are more prone to fats in comparison to males because of the hormonal changes.

Causes of Truncal Obesity

Truncal obesity is caused when too much fat gets accumulated around the patient’s truncal area and this happens because of over-eating of deeply processed fast foods that contain high-fat content. Again, a lack of physical activity and exercise too leads to truncal obesity. However, the vital cause of this problem is yet to be understood, but it may seemingly be the combination of the patient’s environment and genes. Sometimes, hypercortisolism also results in this disorder. Again, numerous prescription drugs can lead to side effects and ultimately results in obesity.

Symptoms of Truncal Obesity

Truncal obesity is a condition which is easily visible in a patient. You will be able to identify an obese patient easily as fats that accumulate around the patient’s abdomen and truncal region become apparent. The circumference of the patient’s abdomen gets enlarged compared to the circumference of hip. Additionally, the patient may suffer from disorders like inflammation, blood lipid disorders, and numerous other cardiovascular diseases. This problem is viewed as the chief health risk as it leads to different deadly health problems.

Treatment for Truncal Obesity

There are many methods through which truncal obesity can be treated. Among them, the vital ones are physical exercise and dietary changes. However, a lot of times the patient requires counseling from his physician as not every kind of exercise help in shedding truncal obesity fat. A patient should do cardiovascular exercises and crunches. Crunches are highly helpful not only to burn stomach fat but from every portion of the body. Additionally, patients must avoid fast foods and concentrate only on taking healthy vegetables and fruits. There are some medications too that largely help in lessening weight. Gastric bypass surgery too helps in lessening weight in pessimistically obese patients.


Truncal obesity can easily be prevented. If you eat fruits and vegetables and exercise on a regular basis besides averting processed foods then you will be able to prevent truncal obesity to a great degree. People who require assistance regarding sticking to an appropriate eating plan should have a talk with a licensed nutritionist or dietician.

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Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:August 28, 2018

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