Various options are used to stop fibroids from growing. The primary aim is to reduce the level or action of estrogen to prevent fibroid growth.
Growth Of Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are the growth in the muscular tissues of the uterus. These are non-cancerous growth. There are two main hormones present in female-estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are responsible for the development of the reproductive system. These hormones play a major role in controlling the menstrual cycle. Female with hormonal imbalance have menstrual disorders. There are more receptors of these hormones found in the fibroid cells1. This led to an increase in the growth of the uterine fibroids in women with a high level of these hormones. In menopause, when the level of these hormones drops down, the fibroids shrunk in size.
How Do You Stop Fibroids From Growing?
The growth of uterine is slowed or stopped by medication or natural remedies. Lifestyle changes also play a major role in the management of uterine fibroids. Following are the various options available to either slow or stop the growth of uterine fibroids:
GnRH Agonists. The prime reason for the growth of hormone is the high level of estrogen and progesterone as they increase the growth of uterine lining along with the fibroid growth. Thus, the aim of the medication to prevent the growth of fibroids is to stop the action of these two hormones. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists such as leuprolide blocks hormone production2. This prevents the growth of fibroid and makes it shrink; Shrinking of fibroid lead to alleviating the symptoms.
Uterine Artery Embolization. Uterine artery embolization is the type of treatment approach either to prevent the growth or cause shrinking of the uterine fibroids. In the uterine artery embolization, the doctor administers the chemicals in the uterine artery that prevents the blood from trying to the growing fibroid tumor2. This results in deprivation of the blood and nutrients preventing the growth and ultimately shrinking of the uterine fibroid.
Diet. Diet also plays a major role in preventing the growth of uterine fibroids. The dairy products should be incorporated into the diet. These dairy products are rich in minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. These minerals may help in stopping the growth of fibroids3.
Lifestyle Changes. Various lifestyle changes should be done to stop the growth of uterine fibroids. The patient should avoid smoking. Alcohol increases the concentration of the hormones required for fibroid growth. Thus, the patient should stop taking alcohol3. Exercise also helps in reducing fibroids.
Weight Loss. Fat cells are known to produce an increased amount of estrogen. This results in increasing the concentration causing rapid growth of uterine. Thus, weight should be managed3.
Limiting Environmental Exposure. By maintaining the levels of reproductive hormones, the growth of uterine fibroids can be prevented. Exposure to various chemicals causes an imbalance in these hormones leading to an increase in estrogen levels3. The patient should avoid exposure to fertilizers, BPA, dyes, and paints.
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator. Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator are the classes of drugs used to prevent the growth of uterine fibroids. Various estrogen receptors are present in various parts of the body such as in bone tissues and endometrium. However, there is a difference in both these receptors. While bone tissues have ER-beta form, the endometrial tissues have ER-alpha form of the receptor. Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator drugs, while preventing the bone loss in osteoporosis, helps preventing the growth of endometrium by block estrogen in uterus4.
Liver Detoxification. For preventing the fibroid from growing, estrogen should be continuously removed from the body to limit its concentration. The estrogen is primarily metabolized by the liver. By liver detoxification, the capacity of the liver to metabolize estrogen is increased, thus preventing uterine growth5.
The methods to prevent the growth of uterine fibroids include Uterine Artery Embolization, proper diet, liver detoxification, GnRH agonists, SERM, weight management, lifestyle changes, and limiting environmental exposure.