Alcohol-induced liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (metabolic and viral injuries) are the two form of liver disease. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the global problem affecting of 20 % – 30 % of the population. It causes production of excessive hepatic glucoses, increases insulin resistance, and also plays a vital role in development of conditions like cirrhosis, liver malignancy, and diabetes mellitus. Currently, there is no approved medication or any unique therapy for this condition.
Vegetarian diets, physical exercise, and weight loss have been shown to improve NAFLD. Plant foods are the main sources of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory phytochemicals, which are the best alternative therapy for the amelioration of NAFLD.
What Is The Best Diet For Fatty Liver?
The diet for alleviating fatty liver disease must include lots of fiber-rich vegetables and fruits, green leafy vegetables like spinach, whole grains, little bit of salt, some transfat, little-added sugar, refined carbohydrates, and saturated fat. Abstaining from drinking alcohol is a necessity and the only way a person has a chance of recovery. A low-fat, reduced-calorie diet can help to lose weight and reduce the risk of fatty liver disease. Plant-based foods such as fruits, whole grains, nuts, vegetables, are extremely fiber rich and were found to have about 20% lower energy which could be metabolized than food which had high water content that are used in the food composition table. The lower the energy that may be metabolized therefore contributes to vegetarian individuals having low BMI.
With Meals It Is Ideal To Include:
- Organic vegetables and fiber-rich fruits (not too sweet fruits).
- Free-range eggs (white egg alone, the yolk is rich in cholesterol).
- Lean meat and seafood (avoid deeply fried)
- Legumes, nuts, and seeds like fenugreek.
Fortified protein powder – make sure it does not contain sugar or artificial sweetener. Herb like stevia can be used which is safe and ideal for diet.
Vegetarian diet – Vegetarian diets can cause liver fibrosis from severe to mild or nil condition. Vegan diet constantly reduce the blood cholesterol and eliminates the crystal formation in the fatty liver. Some plants are rich in iron, which can increase oxidative stress and insulin resistance. Plant based foods also contain polyphenols which significantly decrease oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and inflammation, thus curtailing progression of NAFLD. The plant-based diet may imply a future reduction in mortality, particularly the cause of cardiovascular mortality. Soy tends to decrease hepatic lipogenesis and enhancement of hepatic fat oxidation can be achieved through isoflavone which is obtained from soy. Whole grains are rich in fiber, which stimulates gut microbiota production of short chain fatty acids thus lowering inflammation and decreasing synthesis of hepatic lipids. Among the other oils, olive oil can be used for weight control which is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Research finds that olive oil helps to lower liver enzyme levels and control weight.
Animal products – Fish, white meat, white eggs, and low-fat cheese are good alternatives for protein sources. Meats that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids have been proven scientifically in many studies to promote good liver health. Salmon, tuna, and sardines are great sources of omega-3 fatty acids.
Not smoking, controlling body weight, and managing diabetes as well as any heart, kidney, or lung diseases are also important in lengthening and improving quality of life.
- Fatty Liver Disease (FLD): Causes, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
- What Foods Can You Eat With Fatty Liver Disease?
- Is Rice Good For Fatty Liver Disease?
- Is Fatty Liver Reversible?