Custard apple, also known as sitaphal or sharifa, is a cone-shaped fruit with scaly skin and creamy sweet flesh.
It has a sweet taste similar to the tropical fruit such as banana and pineapple. Custard apple is rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals and serves the body with numerous health benefits. It boosts immunity, fights inflammation, and promotes eye and heart health (1, 2). The fruit with its high-calorie content and natural sugars is a great dessert and a nutritious snack.
The pulp of this fruit coats shiny black seeds that are not consumed as there are poisonous.
8 Wonderful Health Benefits of Custard Apple
Custard Apple Benefits are:
High Antioxidant Content
Custard apples are loaded with antioxidants, which help fight free radicals in the body.
Free radicals at a high level can lead to oxidative stress which is related to chronic illness, including cancer and heart diseases (3).
There are certain compounds present in kaurenoic acid, flavonoids, carotenoids, and vitamin C which are known for their powerful antioxidant effects.
A study found out that both the peel and pulp are an excellent source of antioxidants with the compound in peel especially effective in preventing oxidative damage (4).
Eye Health Benefits of Custard Apple
Custard apples contain carotenoid antioxidant lutein which is one of the main antioxidants in the eye that maintains healthy vision by fighting free radicals (7).
Lutein also protects the eye against other issues such as cataracts.
Therefore, lutein-rich food such as custard apple is good to be consumed for eye health.
Prevents High Blood Pressure
Custard apples being a good source of potassium and magnesium helps keep the blood pressure level under control.
Both potassium and magnesium dilate the blood vessels which help lower the blood pressure (14).
A review done noted that consuming 4700 mg of potassium per day can reduce the systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 8 mm Hg to 4 mm Hg (15).
Promotes Good Digestion
One cup of custard apple offers 5 grams of dietary fiber which is 17 % of the RDI.
Fiber cannot be digested or absorbed and adds bulk to the stool and helps it move through the intestine (16).
Have Anti-Cancer Properties
There are some compounds in custard apple which might have cancer-fighting properties.
Custard apple is loaded with vitamin C, a nutrient that boosts immunity and fights infection and diseases.
Vitamin C reduces the occurrence of various diseases, therefore, consuming custard apple which is its rich source ensures adequate immune health.
Chronic inflammation can lead to dangerous illnesses including heart diseases and cancer.
Custard apple contains several anti-inflammatory compounds including kaurenoic acid which has shown to decrease inflammatory proteins in animal studies (25).
Additionally, it has powerful antioxidants that have powerful anti-inflammatory effects in the test tube and animal studies (26).
Decreasing the level of inflammation may decrease the risk of suffering from diseases.
Custard apple is loaded with nutrients that benefit the body. However, there is some amount of toxic compounds in the seeds and skin which is why it is safe to peel the skin and remove the seeds while eating it.