Functional dyspepsia is also known as indigestion or non-ulcer dyspepsia and it is a term to mention various symptoms, which affect the person’s gastrointestinal tract. The problem causes stomach pain or discomfort, bloating, nausea and blenching issues. Also, the problem may take place from an infection caused by a bacterium called
Helicobacter pylori. Functional dyspepsia is a common type of dyspepsia but it does not cause any severe consequence. Moreover, even though the problem as long-lasting symptoms, they are manageable with an ultimate combination of certain medications and lifestyle changes.(1)
Coping Methods For Functional Dyspepsia
Coping methods involve key lifestyle and/or diet changes. If you were diagnosed with the problem of functional dyspepsia i.e. persistent pain in the upper abdomen without any identifiable cause, you have to undergo certain lifestyle modifications. Accordingly-
- Make Certain Changes In Your Diet
- Avoid any of the food items, which trigger your symptoms
- Have your meals in small portions
- Never overeat
- Eat small meals frequently
- Chew the food items slowly and properly
- Strictly avoid any activity, which leads to swallowing of excessive air, like eating too fast, smoking, chewing gum and having carbonated beverages
- Never lie down only in 2 hours of having meals
- Maintain your body weight
- Steps To Reduce Or Manage Your Stress
You should make sure using suitable stress reduction techniques when you have functional dyspepsia. These include cognitive-behavioral therapy, relaxation therapies and physical exercise.
Steps To Avoid Fatigue In Functional Dyspepsia
- Make sure to have rest for adequate numbers of hours
- Make a habit to sleep and wake up at same times daily when you have functional dyspepsia
- Strictly avoid any caffeinated beverage in the evening or night
Dedicate Some Time For Physical Exercise
- You should do aerobic exercise for 3 times to 5 times in one week for half an hour approximately in a single session.
- Strictly avoid exercising immediately after having meals and vice versa.(4)
Alternative Medications For Functional Dyspepsia
A few people suffering from functional dyspepsia also opt for alternative medications to cope up with their conditions. However, you have to consult your doctor before using them. Accordingly-
Herbal remedies may benefit functional dyspepsia patients by relieving a few of the common symptoms, like gastrointestinal spasms and fullness. These are peppermint leaves, angelica, mustard plant, caraway, milk thistle, German chamomile, lemon balm, and celandine. Alternatively, a few doctors recommend artichoke leaf extract to reduce other symptoms, such as abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.
Relaxation Techniques For Functional Dyspepsia
Relaxation techniques consist of various activities, which help functional dyspepsia patients to relax and in turn, to cope up or control the signs and symptoms. Especially, you should try yoga and other aerobic exercises to reduce the stress levels.(4)
Triggers Of Functional Dyspepsia
There are a few of the triggers, which may cause or make the symptoms associated with functional dyspepsia worse. These are-
Stomach muscles’ impairment, which results in slow emptying of the food from duodenum in the stomach, where duodenum refers to the first segment of one’s small intestine.(1)
Symptoms And Risk Factors Of Functional Dyspepsia
Functional dyspepsia has the following signs and symptoms-
- Pain, discomfort or burning sensation in the lower chest or upper abdominal area, which in some cases, relieve easily with antacids and certain food items.
- Belching and bloating
- Early feeling of fullness at the time of having meals
- Vomiting and nausea
The problem of functional dyspepsia may take place to almost every person. However, there are certain risk factors, which increase the risk of your problem, which are-
- Females remain at a relatively higher risk to suffer from functional dyspepsia
- Old age people
- Usage of OTC painkillers, like ibuprofen and aspirin, both of which result in stomach problems
- Cigarette smoking
- Depression and/or anxiety
- Past history related to sexual abuse or physical abuse in childhood.(3)
To conclude we should say that one can easily manage their symptoms related to functional dyspepsia to some extent by following the mentioned key coping methods easily.
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