Colonoscopy is one of the modern techniques of screening the large intestine and the rectum area. The procedure is extremely beneficial for doctors to identify growth of colon polyps, detecting colon cancer and finding out the prime source of abnormal symptoms. The test takes about 30 minutes to one hour of time to complete and during the process patient may experience some pain and discomfort. In order to make the procedure go smooth on the patient, anesthesia is given right before the procedure. The procedure is slightly complicated and requires some preparation before for achieving accurate result.
Before the procedures starts it is very important that the colon should completely empty i.e. without any residue. For this patient are required to take various strong laxatives for cleaning the large intestine, as an outcome patients will have to visit the washroom frequently and may also suffer from diarrhea. After prescribing colonoscopy doctor explain, the patient in detail about the various aspects of the test and also how to prepare for the test. Let’s take a look on how to prepare for colonoscopy:
Plan for Preparation
Usually doctors provide complete instruction to patients about the procedure. Patients should clearly make a note of all the instructions provided and in case of any confusion should immediately clear the confusion with doctor. Plan the day of procedure in a way that you can have complete rest on and up to 2 to 3 days after the test. Also, ensure that you accompany someone with you to the hospital who can help you to reach home after the procedure is complete. Patients should have the following list of items with them before the test:
- Food items with less fiber content
- Fruit juices and drinks
- Diaper cream
- Wet and dry wipes
Can I Have An Oxo Drink Before A Colonoscopy?
Cleansing is one of the prime preparations that are required for the screening examination. For this patients should be on a light healthy diet for minimum three to four days before the test. Physicians strictly recommend eating food items that are low in fiber content, so that the food is easily digested and should be completely discharged from the body.
Patients should eat or drink the following things:
- Drinks (fizzy free)
- Oxo drinks
- Black tea/coffee
- Steamed Vegetables
- Chicken, Egg and Fish.
What not to eat:
- Fatty nuts/seeds
- Food with high fat content
- Half cooked meat
- Seeded fruits
- Uncooked vegetables.
This is the time when one must stop taking health supplements like vitamins. One should inform the doctor about all the medication the patient is currently taking and whether they should stop taking those medicines or not.
Day before the test patients are not allowed to eat solid food items. It is very important that body of the patient should be decently hydrated, so intakes of fluids in different forms like fruit juices, herbal tea, fizz free soft drinks, tea or coffee without milk. Alcohol and milk (in any form) is a complete no. Two hours before the procedure patients are not allowed to eat or drink.
Night before the colonoscopy is to be performed, the patients are asked to take high dose laxatives, this helps in cleaning the digestive system. Usually the medicine is given in split dose. In split dose, half of the medicine is given to patient night before the test and the next half is given minimum 6 hours before the procedure. The taste of the medicine is not very good, but it is very helpful in cleaning both large and small intestine. The moment laxative starts to show its effect patient experience frequent motions and even diarrhea. One can also experience bloating or cramps in the abdominal region of the body. This is one of the most important preparation steps before conducting colonoscopy. This is because it is important that the colon of the patient is completely empty, else the result obtained from the test will not be as accurate as expected.