What Is Short-Term Memory Loss?
Short term memory loss is defined as a condition in which the brain is not able to retain information of events that have happened recently for an individual.(1) Short Term Memory, which is also known as active or working memory, is defined as the capacity of the brain to temporarily store current information.(1) Some of the examples of short term memory are remembering to switch off the TV at night, lock the doors, making a phone call, remembering phone numbers, switching off the gas stove and the like.
While long term memory gets stored in the hippocampus in the brain, there is no such location in the brain where short term memory gets stored. It is basically a mental process. Short term memory also acts as a filter and discards information that is not useful for the individual. This allows the brain to be stress free and not process a whole lot of information at any given time.
Short Term Memory Loss can be caused due to many reasons like a severe head injury after a motor vehicle crash or a sporting injury.(1) It can also be caused due to the aging process where both short term and long term memory gets affected.(1) While there are many treatments to treat short term memory loss, there are also certain supplements to enhance memory power and improve ability to retain information. This article talks about some of these supplements.
6 Best Nootropic Supplements to Treat Short Term Memory Loss
Perhaps the most effective and best supplement for Short Term memory Loss is Nootropic. (2,4) It is a natural supplement which has shown to be extremely efficacious in enhancing memory power and improve brain function in individuals with Short Term Memory Loss. Nootropics also improves alertness, improves focus and concentration, and increases creativity.(4) Some of the Nootropic supplements to treat Short Term memory Loss are:
Fish Oil: This supplement is extremely rich in DHA, which is essential for improving overall memory and thus the kind of supplement that is required for individuals with Short Term Memory Loss.(3,5) Fish oil also has omega 3 fatty acids, which is also extremely good for the brain.(3) Omega 3 present in fish oil prevents the brain from any damage and slows down the process of aging thus improving memory and concentration. For people with short term memory loss, taking fish oil at least twice in a week is best to improve overall brain function and health.
Resveratrol: This is yet another supplement to treat people with short term memory loss. Resveratrol is a natural antioxidant found in red colored fruits like apple and grapes.(5) Resveratrol supplement is also found in beverages like red wine. Resveratrol supplement prevents degeneration of the hippocampus thus allowing the individual to have sharp memory. However, there are certain studies, which contradict this information and further research is ongoing with regard to the efficacy of resveratrol as a supplement for treatment of short term memory loss.(5)
Caffeine: It is one of the main ingredients of tea, coffee and chocolate. Although caffeine is contradicted for many ailments like anxiety disorder, insomnia and depression, it definitely enhances brain function and improves alertness and concentration. The working mechanism of caffeine is by boosting the brain and the central nervous system thereby making the individual more alert and active.(5) Caffeine also boosts energy in individuals. Around one cup of coffee a day is good enough to enhance memory and improve short term memory loss.
Phosphatidylserine: Phosphatidylserine is a supplement made from a compound called phospholipid found in the brain.(7) Studies suggest that Phosphatidylserine supplement is extremely good for improving brain health and improving short term memory loss(6,7) A dosage of 100 mg of Phosphatidylserine thrice a day is good enough to enhance memory, focus and concentration of an individual. However, more research needs to be done to identify the overall benefits of this supplement.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine: This compound is produced by the body naturally in the form of amino acid.(8) Acetyl-L-Carnitine plays a crucial role in improving metabolic activity in the body and helps in producing energy.(8) Taking a supplement of Acetyl-L Carnitine also increases brain power and boosts memory, thus making it one of the best supplements for short term memory loss.(8) Acetyl-L-Carnitine also slows down degeneration of brain and improves short term memory loss. Acetyl-L-Carnitine supplement is extremely beneficial in individuals with Alzheimer dementia. However, its effectiveness has not yet been proven in the younger individuals who have had memory loss as a result of any trauma or accident.
Ginkgo Biloba: This popular supplement, i.e. Ginkgo Biloba, is efficacious for many medical conditions. Ginkgo Biloba has shown to also be quite effective in treating short term memory loss by enhancing the functioning of the brain. Ginkgo Biloba works by improving blood flow to brain and make an individual more alert, focused, and have increased memory power and this is what makes it a best supplement for short term memory loss.
A study has also shown that Ginkgo Biloba has shown to slow the progression of degeneration of brain cells due to age related processes.(9,10) However, not all subjects involved in the study showed the same result. Thus, it can be said that Ginkgo Biloba is useful in improving short term memory loss, but the results of this supplement is variable and not consistent.
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