Vitamins are an essential component of foods required for normal metabolism in human being even though they are not associated with an energy source. A trace element is essential in the everyday diet for healthy growth, particularly for infants and children. Studies have focused and proved that there is a lot of relation between vitamin deficiency and chronic glaucoma. High ocular pressure is not only the risk factor for glaucoma but several non-ocular factors such as myopia, central corneal thickness, disc hemorrhage, and genetic factors are also responsible. Most of the factor cause because of neurodegenerative effects on the central nervous system. Vitamin complex has a significant positive effect on the central nervous system.
They have the immunomodulatory effect to reduce the risk of glaucoma. The occurrence of age-related eye diseases is anticipated to rise with the aging of the population. Hence, it is necessary to educate the people and to create a consciousness of the nutrients and foods of particular interest in the prevention of age-related eye disease.
What Is The Best Vitamin To Take For Glaucoma?
Vitamin D is a necessary compound for the treatment of elevated level of intraocular pressure and improper blood flow. Appropriate vitamin D concentration in human health can prevent the risk of glaucoma and other diseases like hypertension, diabetes dyslipidemia and chronic metabolic diseases.
Lack of vitamin D is connected with deleterious neuro-degenerative effects on the central nervous system. It can cause injury to optic nerve and make glaucoma worse and severe. Today, research on vitamin D on health matter has significantly increased in the medical field because it is secosteroid hormone useful for bone strength and mineral absorption, cellular propagation, immune modulation, and oxidative stress.
Vitamin B12 and B 9 (folic acid) has a prominent role in the healthy development and normal function of CNS. Research analysis proved that these vitamins significantly improved the function of biased microcirculation and irregular pressure of the eyes. It prevents the common risk factor that causes glaucomatous damage in optic nerve head.
Certain intake of vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables has decreased the effect of glaucoma significantly. Fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin A, B, B12, C, and D, alpha lipoic acid and thioctic acid; compounds like magnesium, melatonin, and coenzyme Q10 elements are strongly suggested for glaucoma. B vitamins complex, such as B-12, and magnesium compound assist in the support of the optic nerve.
Vitamin A has an important part in ocular pathology. It is essential for absorption of trace element nutrients compounds and prevents optic nerve damage. Beta-carotene, a terpenoid rich in plants and fruits is essential for the formation of vitamin A. The human body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A i.e. retinol for healthy skin, mucous membranes, and good eye health and vision.
Correspondingly, vitamin C supplementation has a positive effect on the trabecular meshwork of the eye which plays important role in humor aqueous flow. Regular consumption in diet per day not more than 10 mg helps in reducing the symptoms of high ocular pressure, cataract disease, and macular degeneration. It is water-soluble and powerful anti-oxidant vitamin. In glaucoma condition, it prevents the dry eyes and itchiness.
In recent decades, western countries have shown wide interest in dietary supplementary medicines. To decrease the ocular pressure, circulation of blood, and optic nerve damage, bilberry, ginkgo, forskolin and salvia miltiorrhiza are widely used as a treatment option for glaucoma. Lutein and zeaxanthin supplements were on top-selling supplementary medicine particularly used for combating eyes disorder disease like glaucoma. All age-related eye disease, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and macular degeneration can be decreased 25% if vitamin is at an appropriate level in the diet. Recent literature indicates that nutrients important in vision health include vitamins and minerals with antioxidant functions (vitamins C and E, carotenoids [lutein, zeaxanthin, β-carotene], zinc), and compounds with anti-inflammatory properties (omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid)) may ameliorate the risk for age-related eye disease.