Morning sickness is a condition of pregnancy characterized by nausea and vomiting mainly in the morning. However, it can occur at any time in the day. It is the early sign of pregnancy. About 90% of pregnant women experience morning sickness in their pregnancy. It begins in the first trimester and ends at the start of the second trimester. In rare cases, it is experienced throughout the pregnancy. It is a natural symptom of pregnancy that does not harm the health of pregnant women and her baby.
How Soon Can You Get Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness as the name suggests a condition that happens usually in the morning. It is represented by symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Morning sickness itself is a symptom of pregnancy. It starts in the first trimester (first three months) and ends at the start of the second trimester (second three months). However, it can continue to rest of the trimesters in the pregnancy in a few pregnant ladies. Almost 90 percent of pregnant ladies develop morning sickness in their pregnancy. In the majority of pregnant women, it starts near the sixth week of pregnancy, roughly three weeks after conception or two weeks after the missed period. It cannot start earlier than six weeks of after menstrual period. It ends in 12-15 weeks of pregnancy.
Characteristic features of morning sickness-
The intensity of morning sickness is different in different women. It is represented by following features-
- It starts at the 6th week of pregnancy.
- Pregnant women feel nauseating and often puke out.
- It can be mild to severe
- It usually felt in the morning. However, it can be felt at any time during the whole day.
- Certain smells may trigger more sickness like the smell of food.
- It may also lead to weakness and tiredness.
- It usually ends by the 14th week of pregnancy
- It may be accompanied with other signs of pregnancy such as tenderness in the breast, increased sense of smell, back pain, or constipation.
- Constipation and increased sense of smell worsen morning sickness.
Causes Of Morning Sickness
Morning sickness makes pregnant women feel unwell and sick. It is really a sign of pregnancy. It is a sign of pregnancy because, the levels of pregnancy hormones, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and estrogen gets elevated in pregnancy. These hormones are produced by the placenta that nourishes and develops the fetus. High levels of progesterone trigger nausea and vomiting. Morning sickness is higher when an embryo implants into the uterus and it increases two times more in every two days. The higher the levels of progesterone in the body increase the intensity of morning sickness. Its intensity is more in women who have twins or multiple fetuses in their pregnancy.
When It Is Not Normal?
If morning sickness continues even after 12 to 15 weeks and it remains severe that women cannot keep the food in, then it can cause harm to both mother and baby. It may disturb the electrolytic balance in the body which needs to be corrected soon. If it prevents the affected pregnant women from eating or drinking anything, then the women may have hyperemesis gravidarum. It is a condition of severe vomiting where nausea does not subside. It causes severe dehydration in the body.
What To Do?
Morning sickness is not an illness unless accompanied by an infection or other ailments. It is just a symptom of pregnancy due to pregnancy hormones as discussed above. There is no requirement of any medicine to treat it as it goes by itself.
Morning sickness is a normal sign of pregnancy which affects women in their first trimester. It is represented by nausea and vomiting. It is often accompanied by constipation, elevated sense of smell and tenderness in the breast. It usually starts in the sixth week and ends in 14-16 weeks of pregnancy.