Vitamin B5 or provitamin B5 (alcohol form of vitamin B5), is a commonly listed ingredient in most of the skincare and hair care products.
When provitamin B5 mixed into lotions, ointments, creams, and formulations is applied to the skin, it transforms into vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) that has a natural ability to moisturize, soothe and heal the skin. It is because of the moisturizing and rejuvenating effects on the skin. This helps tackle dryness, itchiness, and redness on the skin that are the symptoms of many skin conditions.
What is Vitamin B5?
Vitamin B5 is a water-soluble vitamin that is mostly found in many plant-based and animal-based foods. It is amongst the B-complex vitamins that regulate multiple physiological processes inside the body. It is also known as a building block of overall health.
- Foods rich in vitamin B5 are eggs, meat, vegetables, legumes, cereals, and milk.
- Vitamin B5 is commercially available as pantothenic acid, a chemical prepared in laboratories.
- Pantothenic acid help maintain the skin’s quality by soothing and rejuvenating it.
Vitamin B5 is required by the body for:
- Smooth working of the nervous system and liver
- Proper working of the digestive tract
- Production of RBC to supply oxygen throughout the body
- Maintaining healthy skin, eye, and hair
- Synthesizing cholesterol
- Formation of sex and stress-related hormones
Deficiency of vitamin B5, though very rare, can lead to:
- Stomach pain
- Muscle cramps
- Sleep disorders
- Upper respiratory infections
- Burning feet
Vitamin B5 is easily available in many foods. If your diet is healthy, you can never be deficient in this vitamin.
Foods That Help Maintain A Good Supply Of Vitamin B5 To The Body
- Fishes and seafood such as salmon and lobster
- Meat such as chicken. Turkey and beef
- Grains, especially whole grains
- Dairy products such as yogurt, milk, and milk products
- Vegetables such as avocado, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, sweet potatoes, corn, and tomatoes
Benefits of Vitamin B5 to the Skin
- Vitamin B5 Moisturizes the Skin: Vitamin B5 helps retain moisture of the skin by preventing water loss. This prevents dryness, itchiness, and flakiness and maintains the softness and elasticity of the skin(1). It also helps in maintaining the skin barrier function(2).
- Benefits of Vitamin B5 in Preventing Skin Redness and Inflammation: The anti-inflammatory effect of dexpanthenol protects the skin from erythema or redness that is caused by UV exposure.(1) A study found out that dexpanthenol minimizes skin roughness caused by sodium lauryl sulfate, an ingredient that is found in most of the skin and hair care products.(3) It also helps manage skin irritation due to napkin rash or diaper rash.
- Heals Wounds: Pantothenic acid helps in healing wounds and making the scars less visible. It boosts the development of collagen that is needed by the skin.
- Antioxidant Effect: Vitamin B5 boosts the production of glutathione that binds with free radicles and peroxidizes, thereby reducing the formation of melanin and minimizing dark spots.(4)
- Anti-aging Effects: Pantothenic acid boosts the production of fibroblast in the middle layer of the skin. It also boosts collagen, glycan, and elastin production giving a youthful appearance to the skin.(4)
- Reduces Acne and Acne Scars: When taken as a dietary supplement, vitamin B5 helps in reducing acne and the blemishes that occur on the skin as the acne heal.
How To Use Vitamin B5 On Skin?
To reap maximum benefits, vitamin B5 should penetrate the skin. This can be done by massaging the vitamin B5 containing creams or lotion or any other product to ensure maximum absorption.
Not only local application, but the diet should also be rich in vitamin B5 to serve the skin with its benefits. It is necessary to ensure adequate intake through diet and supplements.
If not sure you can consult a physician for the supplements. A good dermatologist should be consulted for proper ointment, lotion or creams to be used, to avoid unnecessary discomfort.