Chikungunya is caused when an Aedes albopictus bites a person. It is a tropical disease which is caused by a group of Aarbovirus and is communicable in nature. They generally bite during the day time particularly during early morning or at the afternoon hours. It commonly spreads like an epidemic. Cases are reported when the breast milk of mothers are found to be infected with chikungunya virus but no death cases of infants has been reported due to breast feeding . It is due to the fact that the benefits of breast-feeding outweigh the effect of chikungunya.
Once the mosquito bites an infected person suffering from chikungunya, the virus is transmitted in to its body and reaches its salivary gland and breeds. After that, if it bites another healthy person then this person develops the symptoms of chikungunya.
Virus isolation treatment provides the best way to treat Chikungunya but for this the patient needs to be isolated for 1 or 2 weeks in a biosafety lab lll. Using RT-PCR, the diagnostic result can be obtained in one or two days. This can also be used to reduce the virus load in the blood. This process involves the exposing of the cell lines and then detecting the blood for chikungunya virus. These are some of them. There are quite a few simple yet effective home remedies and ayurvedic remedies for chikungunya.
12 Simple Home Remedies for Chikungunya
Chikungunya is the communicable disease which is transmitted to humans by infected mosquito. Among the most life-threatening diseases, chikungunya is one of them and has become one of the significant health issues across the world. One of the lethal complications of chikungunya fever is the hemorrhagic shock. According to the world health organization, chikungunya is the viral infection that is majorly transmitted from the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Mainly, these mosquitoes are found in Asia and Africa and the Indian subcontinent. Moreover, it is becoming a more primary concern in Florida and the southern states as well.
One of the major concerns of this disease is there is no specific antibiotic dosage to cure chikungunya, and doctors generally recommend tests and plenty of fluids.
However, there are some effective home remedies for patients who are suffering from chikungunya, and these remedies are considered effective in managing chikungunya symptoms and its vulnerable effects.
Papaya Leaves: Leaves of papaya (Carica papaya) decoction is very effective home remedy for their therapeutic properties because of the presence of a few strong constituents like Papain, L-tocopherol, glucosides which are cyanogenic in nature alongside glucosinolates and additionally avoids cystatin, chymopapain and ascorbic corrosive. It acts against the free radicals which are connected with the decreased development of peroxides of the fat substance, therefore increasing the chances of tumor developments and also immune modulatory actions and may cause increased platelet and red platelet counts.
Neem Leaves: Neem leaves are frequently used as a home remedy to treat different disorders and is also considered very beneficial for treating chikungunya. Boil the neem leaves with water and have it a few times a day to increase the platelet and WBC count.
Ginger to Treat Chikungunya: Ginger contains anti-inflammatory as well as pain relieving properties that can reduce the pain and inflammation that one feels while experiencing chikungunya. Its powerful component known as gingerols ease pain.
Coconut Water: Drinking coconut water is outstanding amongst other home remedies for treating chikungunya as it causes the patients to recover quickly by detoxifying the liver. Drink 3-4 glasses of coconut water in a day.
Grapes for Treating Chikungunya: Have a couple of seedless grapes to reduce the severe symptoms of chikungunya, for example, pain and fever.
Garlic: Another successful home remedy for chikungunya is garlic. It is rich is mitigating properties and anti-oxidant which helps in improving the immune system to fight off the infection assaulting your body.
Basil as a Home Remedy for Chikungunya: A crucial practice to raise immune system is eating basil leaves. In ayurveda medicine, consuming basil leaves for treating chikungunya has been in practice since long.
Fenugreek: Leaves of the fenugreek plant are thought to diminish temperature and also fills in as a calming agent in lessening pain and supporting in proper sleep and rest.
Sunflower Seeds and Honey: The mix of honey and sunflower seeds powder is an extraordinary mixture that aides in alleviating joint pain naturally. Sunflower seeds are rich in vitamin E and Zinc which are fundamental to the immune system. On the other hand, honey is known for having anti-inflammatory properties. Together, it works as an effective home remedy to reduce the joint pain.
Turmeric: A standout amongst the best home remedies for a large group of illness, turmeric is also known for its prevalent flavor in India. Turmeric contains curcumin, a solid antioxidant that shows anti-inflammatory properties. It makes turmeric a viable home solution for relieving the side effects of Chikungunya. So, drink turmeric milk to reduce pain and fever.
Cold Compress: Cold pack is the most ideal approach to lessen inflammation and pain. It does as such by slowing down the blood flow to the affected area.
Massage Oil: The anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil are well known and it can be utilized to soothe joint pain caused by the chikungunya infection. Cinnamon also has anti-inflammatory properties and it helps castor oil in reducing joint torment.
Ayurvedic Remedies for Chikungunya Pain
The below medicines are very helpful to elevate the joint pain in chikungunya:
- Nirgundi (Vitex negundo)
- Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa)
- Nishottar (Operculina turpethum)
- Tagar (Valeriana wallichii)
- Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica)
- Guggulu (Commiphora Mukul)
However, be sure to ask an ayurvedic doctor and then consume these medicines.
How to Prevent Chikungunya?
It is basic you play it safe to decrease your chances of getting a disease. The preventive measures for chikungunya include:
- Keep all area around the house clean and sterile. Try not to keep any dormant water to stay for a really long time, for instance, in flower vases and water storage vessels.
- Keep all sustenance and water covered consistently.
- Avoid keeping any stagnant water in any pots or pails outside the house.
- Utilize mosquito anti-agents both during the day and night as the Aedes mosquito is dynamic in daytime also.
- Utilize mosquito nets for adults and children while they are asleep.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and jeans whenever possible.
- Never stand nearby garbage.
- It is always advisable to wash fruits and vegetables properly before eating.
What are the Symptoms of Chikungunya?
Symptoms show up somewhere between 4 and 7 days after the patient has been bitten by the mosquito and these include:
- High fever around 104°F
- Joint swelling
- Joint pain (bring down back, ankle, knees, wrists or phalanges)
- Muscle pain
- Joint swelling, rash, headache, and muscle pain
- Soreness in joints
- Swelled lymph node in neck accompanied by sore throat
- Painful abdominal cramp
- Dizziness and constipation.
If you do become infected, you ought to shield yourself from any further mosquito bites since once the mosquito bites you; it would be infected and thus can spread the disease to many people. There is no suitable antibiotic dosage has been developed yet. So, Ayurveda with home remedies is the blissful solution for anyone who is suffering from chikungunya. Along with the home remedies, drink water and take complete bed rest for at least 7 days even after the body has come to its normal temperature.