Microscopic colitis is a condition caused either due to the deposition of collagen in the submucosal layer of the colon or by the inflammation on the wall of colon. The former condition is known as collagenous colitis while the latter condition is called as lymphocytic colitis. The symptoms included watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, and nausea and weight loss. Although the condition is self-limiting but sometimes it leads to complications. There are various house remedies which can be used to improve the condition and relax the symptoms but in case the symptoms are not manageable or becomes severe, physician should be immediately consulted.
What Are The Home Remedies For Microscopic Colitis?
The major symptom of the microscopic colitis is watery diarrhea along with pain and bloating. Thus, the whole of the gastrointestinal system is not effectively functioning. Generally, microscopic colitis is a self-limiting condition and requires symptomatic treatment. The treatment thus focuses on relieving the symptoms and making the GIT comfortable. Apart from the prescribed drugs; there are certain home remedies that can be used to manage the symptoms. Following are the home remedies for managing microscopic colitis:
Avoid Smoking: Smoking may increase the abnormal function of the digestive system and should be avoided in microscopic colitis.
Over-The-Counter Drugs: Over the counter drugs such as syrups containing caffeine and the formulations containing anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided as they have a negative impact on the gastric system. Further, in microscopic colitis, all the drugs should be taken according to the instructions of the medical professional.
Eating A Low Fat And Low Fiber Diet: The symptoms of colitis is chronic watery diarrhea and thus the food intake is such that it reduces the frequency of diarrhea. This will include eating the food low in fat and low in fiber. These foods will result in decreasing the frequency of diarrhea.
Drink Plenty Of Fluids: As the diarrhea sweeps away a considerable amount of water from the body, it should be compensated by drinking more fluid. Also, along with the water, many essential electrolytes leave the body which may lea to abnormal function of vital organs. Thus, electrolytes should be added in water to compensate for lost electrolytes in microscopic colitis.
Avoid Irritant Foods: In collagenous microscopic colitis, the deposition of collagen is a factor for diarrhea or in lymphocytic colitis; the immune system is the causative factor. Thus, the diarrhea is caused due to irritation in the wall of colon. Thus, the approach should be to avoid foods which cause irritation of the colonic mucosa.
Easily Digestible Food: The digestive system takes a hit in case of microscopic colitis and leads to the symptoms of malnutrition such as fatigue and nausea. The food should be such that it can easily be digested and absorbed by the body, without causing any irritation.
Frequency Of Meals: Heavier meal in a single sitting may cause more pressure on the already compromised gastrointestinal system. In order to avoid this, small meals should be taken at regular intervals. This will also lead to proper absorption of food in microscopic colitis.
Food Containing Probiotics: Probiotics plays a major role in altering the immune system of the gut. Further they also help in relieving diarrhea and maintain floral balance of the intestine. Thus, apart from the probiotics prescribed by the doctor, probiotic rich food such as curd may also be added in the diet.
Avoid Alcohol And Caffeine Rich Beverages: The drinks which irritate the colon should be completely avoided as they may further lead to diarrhea. These drinks include alcohol, carbonated water, caffeine containing products and product that have sweeteners in high quantity.
There are various house remedies which can be used to relieve the symptoms related to microscopic colitis. Most of the remedies used are to make the digestive system more comfortable. This may include avoiding the spicy and oily food, drinking water along with electrolyte, avoiding alcohol and smoking and avoiding over-the-counter drugs.