Mood disorders are a group of mental illness that affects the overall quality of life of the patient. The mood disorder may result in the patient suffering from low mood, elevated mood and the mood swinging between the two.
What Are The Common Mood Disorders?
The most common mood disorders are found in the majority of people suffering from mood disorders. There are also other mood disorders, but their incidence is quite low, or they are found only in a particular condition.
Following are the most common mood disorders:
Major Depression Or Clinical Depression. Depression is the most common mood disorder. A person suffers from depression when the person fails in many facets of the life, or when the things are not going their way or there is death in the family. This is a normal phenomenon that is found in almost all the person. However, in some instances, the person remains in depression mode even after the disappearance of stressful events or there is no other cause. Such type of depression is known as clinical or major depression. The patient suffering from major depression should have symptoms for more than 2 weeks.
Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar disorder is defined as the condition in which the mood of the patient swings from depression to maniac. When the patient presents low energy and reduced activity, the patient is said to be in depression while in conditions with irritability and increased activity and the patient is diagnosed with a manic disorder. Various types of bipolar disorder include bipolar disorder I, bipolar disorder type II and cyclothymic disorder. There are other unspecific bipolar disorders in which the mood changes are not at extremes, but the patient feels the mood change. Type I bipolar disorder is the most severe form.
Dysthymic Disorder. Dysthymic disorder is the condition characterized by the presence of depression in the patient for more than two years with the symptoms free period in between two depression modes. The symptom-free period should not be more than 2 months.
Mood disorders are also known as affective disorders. It is regarded as a mental problem that affects the emotional health of the patient. The patient feels isolated from society. The patient suffering from mood disorders have lost interest in living, and the emotions are always fluctuating between extreme sad and extremely happy. The patient feels depressed all the time and looks sad and unfocused.
The patient suffering from these disorders failed to perform in almost all the facets of life, may it be social, occupational, and educational and the patient stays away from bearing any family responsibility. If diagnosed at an early stage, the mood disorder can be overcome by proper counseling of the patients. However, there is a delay in the diagnosis of this disorder due to various factors. The patients suffering from chronic mood disorders are at increased risk of committing suicide.
Various risk factors increase the incidences of mood disorders. These risk factors include mental trauma, changes in brain health, underlying disease, medications, precision diagnosis of mood disorder and family history. Further, the surrounding environment also plays a major role in the development, progression, and management of these disorders.
The symptoms of this condition include laziness, unwarranted though process, sleeping for a long time or suffering from insomnia, gaining weight or losing weight and either the patient eats a heavy meal or may have loss of appetite.
The mood disorders are divided in to elevated mood, known as mania; the depressed mood in which the patient feels very low for a long period of time, the condition is generally known as a major depressive disorder; and when the moods of the patient fluctuate between the two extremes and the condition is known as bipolar disorder.
Common mood disorders are found in the majority of the patients. These include mania, depression and dysthymic disorder. The mood disorder can be managed easily when diagnosed at an initial stage otherwise they increase the suicidal risk in patients.
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