Do You Have Pregnancy Symptoms With A Molar Pregnancy?
Molar pregnancy will have the same initial symptoms like a normal pregnancy. The main characteristic feature of molar pregnancy is an increased level of HCG. A pregnancy test will be positive as the HCG levels can be seen in blood and urine. Woman experience nausea and vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, headaches, constipation, mood swings, slight bleeding or cramping. The tests and symptoms of an early pregnancy would be the same and initial diagnosis would indicate a normal pregnancy. Women would expect normal growth and development of the fetus and the diagnosis of molar pregnancy would come as a shock.
Most women would not be able to differentiate between the signs of normal and molar pregnancy, then as the pregnancy progresses the symptoms of molar pregnancy appear. It will be difficult for new moms to observe the symptoms which are not normal.
Previous History Of Molar Pregnancy
A woman who has previously experienced molar pregnancy can take the symptoms sooner and seek medical attention. The risk of developing molar pregnancy is higher in women who previously had a molar pregnancy. In most cases, a molar pregnancy has to get terminated either by medical intervention or surgical procedures. The survival of fetus from a molar pregnancy is difficult and in most cases, it ends in miscarriage.
- There will not be any differentiating symptoms in first 3 to 4 months of pregnancy, later following symptoms can be observed
- There will be abnormal placental growth which covers most part of the uterus. The size of uterus increases in comparison to the size of a normal pregnant uterus.
- Vaginal bleeding as bright red or dark colored discharge in early pregnancy. The vaginal discharge will be in the form of grape-like clusters and there will be water-filled clusters
- A severe form of nausea and vomiting, upsetting your stomach adding to the uneasiness
- There will not be any fetal movement
- There will not be any heartbeat
- Elevated blood pressure
- Hyperthyroidism, which is characterized by increased production of thyroid hormones
- In certain cases patients gets the Pelvic pressure or pain.
When a woman is trying to conceive the healthcare provider checks for vital signs of molar pregnancy such as:
Anemia. The number of red blood cells will be reduced resulting in a decreased supply of oxygen to different parts of the body.
Ovarian Cysts. A number of water-filled sacs can be produced on both ovaries forming multicystic ovaries which alter the production and release of ova or egg. There are two ovaries which are present on each side of the uterus.
Hypertension. A high blood pressure can create pressure on the blood vessels and its walls causing stress on the heart which is not good during pregnancy.
Hyperthyroidism. hCG and TSH hormones have the same receptors. In a molar pregnancy, there will be increased levels of HCG in the blood and the receptors are occupied by the HCG and there will be large amounts of free T3 and T4 hormones and decreased level of TSH. The condition results in hyperthyroidism. A thyroid syndrome can complicate a pregnancy. High thyroid levels can result in fever, dehydration, rapid and irregular heart rate, and shock.
Size Of Uterus. The uterus size changes either too big or too small and will not be in accordance with the stage of pregnancy
Preeclampsia. It refers to an increase in the blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Proteins can be detected in the urine.
The molar pregnancy can be diagnosed with the help of an ultrasound. It can be detected as early as in eight weeks of pregnancy.
Molar pregnancy shows initial symptoms same as that of a normal pregnancy. The differentiating symptoms develop gradually which can be diagnosed by the doctor as the formation of abnormal placental tissue, size of the uterus, vaginal discharge of grape-like cluster of cysts and hyperthyroidism.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). (2020). Gestational Trophoblastic Disease. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/gestational-trophoblastic-disease
- Mayo Clinic. (2021). Molar Pregnancy. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/molar-pregnancy/symptoms-causes/syc-20375175
- MedlinePlus. (2021). Molar Pregnancy. https://medlineplus.gov/molarpregnancy.html
- NHS. (2019). Molar Pregnancy. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/molar-pregnancy/
- Gottesman, T., & Fazel, A. (2021). Gestational Trophoblastic Disease. In StatPearls [Internet]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459148/
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