Can Trichomoniasis Lead To Infertility?

Trichomoniasis is a condition where an individual suffers from an infection caused due to the trichomonas parasite. The infection is a common illness in the list of sexually transmitted infection. A person suffering from trichomoniasis infection has a high vulnerability towards other sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and AIDS. Understanding in detail about the infection and the occurrence will be helpful in passing it to others.

Can Trichomoniasis Lead To Infertility?

Can Trichomoniasis Lead To Infertility?

What is the relation of trichomoniasis with infertility? Not much information is present related to the effectiveness of the infection on infertility. It is crucial to note that the organism exists in at least 20% of women who have infertility. However, it is pivotal to indicate the critical issues that are causing the scenario. When the results of the postcoital are poor, things turn favorable for Flagyl therapy. Because of the nature of mobility, the parasite not only infects the cervical canal but also develops an endometrial infection. Trichomoniasis with endometrial infection affects that uterine lining development. A doctor will proceed to check for the presence of trichomonas, if the endometrium measured, using sonography is less than 10mm, and has a poor structural development.


Diagnosing the presence of trichomoniasis is possible using the hanging-drop methodology, which is collecting fresh endocervical samples. The doctor will suspend the collected sample in a saline solution and observe it under the microscope to check for the parasite. The parasite measures between 10 and 30 milligrams in diameter. The success of collecting a sample from symptomatic women stands at 85% while the only time to collect in asymptomatic women is during the ovulation period. Care is necessary while diagnosing the presence of the parasite because the corneal epithelial cells can mislead the examination.

Treatment Options

Metronidazole, an antibiotic, is helpful in treating trichomoniasis. The standard treatment requires the patient to consume 500mg of the pill for seven days. During this period, it is essential to avoid sexual activity. Alternatively, a one-time dose of 2000 mg is advisable under needed situations. The side effects that the individual suffers from are bad taste, gastrointestinal problems, indigestion, and severe systemic toxicity. However, excessive use of the antibiotic is not advisable because the parasite is capable of developing metronidazole resistance. A doctor offers a variety of treatment options depending on the state of the patient.


The symptoms of Trichomoniasis appear after three days and turns into the advanced state after 20 days of continuous exposure. In many circumstances, people do not even know that they are suffering from trichomoniasis because the illness does not show any significant symptoms. However, if there are any, a person experiences the following:

  • Itchiness in the genital region
  • Swelling of the glands
  • Infection of vulva, vagina, penis, and urethra
  • Abdominal pain during intercourse.

Testing for Trichomoniasis

As it is difficult to point the presence of the trichomoniasis in its early stage, taking the test for the same is beneficial. The test is simple, and the doctor or a nurse collects a sample of the cells from the genital region using a cotton swab. They dip it in a saline solution and observe under a microscope. Alternatively, the doctor collects the sample of the leaking fluids and tests it under a microscope for the presence of the parasite.


As trichomonas, the parasite causing the infection passes from one person to another during sexual intercourse, testing for the same is essential. Additionally, during the treatment period, keeping away from participating in sexual encounters is preferable to stop the spread of the parasite to your partner or partners.


Trichomoniasis is an infection caused due to trichomona parasite that passes through sexual intercourse. It tops the common sexually transmitted infection list and is quickly treated using antibiotics. A check-up now and then will be helpful to learn about the presence in the early stage and prevent its growth.

Also Read:

Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Pramod Kerkar, M.D., FFARCSI, DA Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:July 10, 2018

Recent Posts

Related Posts