This article on Epainassist.com has been reviewed by a medical professional, as well as checked for facts, to assure the readers the best possible accuracy.

We follow a strict editorial policy and we have a zero-tolerance policy regarding any level of plagiarism. Our articles are resourced from reputable online pages. This article may contains scientific references. The numbers in the parentheses (1, 2, 3) are clickable links to peer-reviewed scientific papers.

The feedback link “Was this Article Helpful” on this page can be used to report content that is not accurate, up-to-date or questionable in any manner.

This article does not provide medical advice.


Understanding Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB) : Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB) is a cardiac conduction disorder that affects the electrical impulses in the heart. It occurs when there is a delay or blockage in the transmission of electrical signals through the right bundle branch of the heart’s conduction system. RBBB can have various causes and may or may not be associated with underlying heart conditions.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of RBBB, including its causes, symptoms, and available treatment options.

What is Right Bundle Branch Block?

The heart’s conduction system is responsible for coordinating the electrical signals that control the heartbeat. It consists of specialized cells that generate and transmit these signals, ensuring the proper functioning of the heart. The conduction system includes the sinoatrial (SA) node, atrioventricular (AV) node, bundle of His, and the right and left bundle branches. The right bundle branch delivers electrical signals to the right ventricle of the heart.(1)

Right Bundle Branch Block occurs when there is an interruption or delay in the conduction of electrical impulses through the right bundle branch. This delay can affect the coordination of the heart’s chambers, leading to changes in the electrical pattern observed on an electrocardiogram (ECG).(1)

Causes of Right Bundle Branch Block:

Right Bundle Branch Block can have primary (idiopathic) or secondary causes. Primary RBBB refers to cases where no underlying heart condition is present, and it often doesn’t require specific treatment. Secondary Right Bundle Branch Block is associated with underlying heart conditions that can affect the conduction system.

Some common causes include:

  1. Coronary Artery Disease: Narrowing or blockages in the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle can lead to Right Bundle Branch Block.(2)
  2. Myocardial Infarction (heart attack): A heart attack can damage the heart muscle and disrupt the electrical conduction, potentially leading to Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB).(2)
  3. Cardiomyopathy: Conditions that affect the heart muscle, such as dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, can cause Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB).(1)
  4. Pulmonary Hypertension: Increased pressure in the pulmonary arteries, which carry blood from the heart to the lungs, can affect the right side of the heart and cause Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB).(3)
  5. Congenital Heart Defects: Some individuals are born with structural abnormalities in their heart, such as ventricular septal defects or atrial septal defects, which can lead to Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB).(1)
  6. Cardiac Surgery Or Procedures: Certain heart surgeries or procedures, such as valve replacements or coronary artery bypass grafting, may disrupt the normal conduction system and result in Right Bundle Branch Block.(3)

Symptoms and Clinical Presentation of Right Bundle Branch Block :

In many cases, RBBB may not cause any noticeable symptoms and is incidentally discovered during routine ECG testing. However, when associated with underlying heart conditions, or in rare instances, RBBB may cause symptoms such as:

  1. Palpitations Or Irregular Heartbeat: Sensations of skipped beats or a rapid, irregular heartbeat.
  2. Fatigue or Weakness: Feeling tired or lacking energy, especially during physical exertion.
  3. Shortness of Breath: Difficulty breathing or breathlessness, particularly during exercise or exertion.
  4. Dizziness or Fainting: Episodes of lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting, which may occur due to inadequate blood flow to the brain.
  5. Chest Discomfort Or Pain: Some individuals may experience mild discomfort or chest pain, although it is not a common symptom of RBBB.

Diagnosis and Evaluation of Right Bundle Branch Block:

Right Bundle Branch Block is typically diagnosed through an electrocardiogram (ECG) test, which measures the electrical activity of the heart. The characteristic ECG findings of RBBB include a widened QRS complex (greater than 120 milliseconds) and a specific pattern of electrical signals on the ECG tracing. Additional tests may be performed to evaluate the underlying cause and assess the overall health of the heart. These tests may include:

  1. Echocardiogram: This imaging test uses sound waves to create a detailed picture of the heart’s structure and function. It can help identify any structural abnormalities, such as valve problems or heart muscle dysfunction.
  2. Exercise Stress Test: During this test, the patient exercises on a treadmill or stationary bike while being monitored with ECG and blood pressure measurements. It helps evaluate how the heart responds to physical activity and can reveal any exercise-induced symptoms or abnormalities.
  3. Holter Monitor: This portable ECG device is worn by the patient for 24 to 48 hours, continuously recording the heart’s electrical activity. It can capture any intermittent or infrequent abnormalities that may not be detected during a standard ECG.
  4. Cardiac Catheterization: In some cases, a cardiac catheterization may be performed to assess the blood flow through the coronary arteries and measure the pressures within the heart chambers. It helps determine if any blockages or abnormalities are contributing to RBBB.(7)

Treatment Options for Right Bundle Branch Block:

In most cases, Right Bundle Branch Block does not require specific treatment, especially if it is an isolated finding without any associated symptoms or underlying heart conditions. However, if RBBB is caused by an underlying heart condition or if symptoms are present, the primary focus of treatment is directed towards managing the underlying cause and addressing any associated symptoms. Treatment options may include:

  1. Managing Underlying Heart Conditions: If RBBB is secondary to an underlying heart condition, the treatment approach will primarily involve managing that specific condition. This may include medication to control blood pressure, cholesterol, or heart rhythm, as well as lifestyle modifications.
  2. Pacemaker Therapy: In some cases, especially when RBBB is associated with symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, or heart failure, a pacemaker may be recommended. A pacemaker is a small device implanted under the skin, usually in the chest, that helps regulate the heart’s electrical impulses, ensuring proper coordination of the heart’s chambers.(5)
  3. Regular Monitoring And Follow-Up: Individuals diagnosed with RBBB, especially if it is an incidental finding, may require periodic follow-up appointments to monitor their overall heart health and assess for any changes in symptoms or ECG patterns.
  4. Lifestyle Modifications: Making healthy lifestyle choices can significantly contribute to overall heart health and may help reduce the risk of complications associated with RBBB. These include maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, managing stress, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and controlling other risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes.(6)


Right Bundle Branch Block is a cardiac conduction disorder characterized by a delay or blockage in the transmission of electrical signals through the right bundle branch of the heart’s conduction system. It can occur as an isolated finding or be associated with underlying heart conditions. While many cases of RBBB do not cause noticeable symptoms or require specific treatment, it is essential to evaluate and manage any underlying heart conditions that may be present.

If you experience any symptoms such as palpitations, fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, or fainting, it is important to seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. With proper evaluation, monitoring, and treatment, individuals with RBBB can lead active and healthy lives. Additionally, adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle and following the recommendations of healthcare professionals can help minimize the risk of complications and promote overall cardiovascular well-being.

If you have been diagnosed with Right Bundle Branch Block or are experiencing any concerning symptoms, it is crucial to work closely with your healthcare provider to develop an individualized treatment plan. Regular check-ups, adherence to prescribed medications, and lifestyle modifications can contribute to better heart health and improved quality of life.

Remember, each case of Right Bundle Branch Block is unique, and the treatment approach may vary depending on individual factors and underlying conditions. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for RBBB, you are taking an important step towards proactive heart care and overall well-being.


  1. Surawicz B, Childers R, Deal BJ, et al. AHA/ACCF/HRS Recommendations for the Standardization and Interpretation of the Electrocardiogram: Part III: Intraventricular Conduction Disturbances: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee, Council on Clinical Cardiology; the American College of Cardiology Foundation; and the Heart Rhythm Society. Circulation. 2009;119(10):e235-e240.
  2. Harkness WT, Hicks M. Right Bundle Branch Block. [Updated 2022 Aug 8]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK507872/
  3. Zimetbaum PJ, Buxton AE, Batsford WP, et al. Diagnostic evaluation of patients with syncope. Circulation. 2007;116(7):e283-e285.
  4. Brignole M, Moya A, de Lange FJ, et al. 2018 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope. Eur Heart J. 2018;39(21):1883-1948.
  5. Al-Khatib SM, Stevenson WG, Ackerman MJ, et al. 2017 AHA/ACC/HRS Guideline for Management of Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018;72(14):e91-e220.
  6. Piepoli MF, Hoes AW, Agewall S, et al. 2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and by invited experts): Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR). Eur Heart J. 2016;37(29):2315-2381.
  7. Vranckx P, Cutlip DE, Mehran R, et al. Myocardial infarction adjudication in contemporary all-comer stent trials: balancing sensitivity and specificity. Addendum to the historical MI definitions used in stent studies. EuroIntervention. 2011;7(8):897-899.
Team PainAssist
Team PainAssist
Written, Edited or Reviewed By: Team PainAssist, Pain Assist Inc. This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer
Last Modified On:June 10, 2023

Recent Posts

Related Posts