Goiter is an abnormal enlargement of our thyroid gland. This is one of the most common thyroid disorders. However, it is usually harmless.
Goiter is also termed as Iodine-deficiency disorder, since it is commonly caused due to the lack of iodine content in our body. Goiter can be managed effectively with the appropriate combination of medical treatment and specific home remedies. This article will talk about some of the best home remedies to treat goiter naturally.
An Overview On Goiter:
A small butterfly-shaped gland present in the lower front of our neck is called the Thyroid gland. This is the gland known to secrete thyroid hormones and this maintains the metabolism of our body. Insufficiency or excess of thyroid hormones results in malfunctioning of our thyroid gland.
Goiter is a medical condition characterized by swelling of the patient’s thyroid gland.(1) This might occur because of hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid glands), hyperthyroidism (Over-active thyroid glands), or euthyroidism (normal functioning of the thyroid). The thyroid gland cannot make enough thyroid hormones when it does not get the required amount of iodine from the diet. So, iodine-deficiency is the major cause of developing goiter.(2)
Goiter is generally not a painful disease, however, it brings along many symptoms that can disrupt the body’s normal functioning. Women above 40 years of age, people with family -history of autoimmune disease, and individuals with low iodine in their diet are at a greater risk of developing goiter.(3)
The most common symptoms of goiter include coughing, hoarseness, difficulty breathing, and swallowing, and a visible swelling at the base of the patient’s neck. It must be noted that these symptoms are also linked with some other health issues and thus it is essential for you to consult with your doctor and get yourself properly diagnosed about your health condition.
28 Best Home Remedies To Treat Goiter Naturally:
You need to take medical help for treating goiter. However, you can also combine some of the home remedies to treat goiter naturally along with your medical treatment. Below we will talk about some of these home remedies.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar or ACV is mildly acidic and it restores the pH balance in our body.(4) ACV detoxifies the body, and this helps indirectly to increase iodine absorption and also reduce the thyroid gland swelling.
You will require 1 teaspoon of Apple cider vinegar, ½ teaspoon of honey, and a glass of warm water to make this home remedy for treating goiter naturally. What you need to do is simply mix the ACV and honey in water and drink it on an empty stomach. Doing this every day in the morning will give you the best results.
Virgin coconut oil has high levels of a medium-chain triglyceride known as lauric acid, which is converted to monolaurin, and it has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties and also improves the body’s metabolism. (5) In order to use this home remedy for treating goiter, you can add coconut oil to your hot drinks, smoothies, or can use it as a salad dressing and also use it during cooking.
Castor oil has anti-inflammatory properties making it a effective home remedy to help in reducing swelling of the thyroid gland.(6) It detoxifies your liver and helps in converting T4 to T3 hormones.
You just need a few drops of castor oil that is to be massaged on the neck area gently and leave it overnight. Doing this every night before bed will help you to treat goiter naturally.
Dandelion leaves are known to have antioxidant properties and exhibit anti-inflammatory effects.(7,8) This, the paste of dandelion leaves and water, is a useful home remedy that can reduce the thyroid gland’s swelling and can relieve the associated symptoms naturally.
You will require a handful of dandelion leaves, 1 tablespoon of clarified butter or ghee, and water. All you will have to do is grind the dandelion leaves by mixing with some water to prepare a paste and add ghee to this mixture and then heat the mixture for a few minutes until it becomes lukewarm. Now, apply this paste on your neck and keep it on for at least 15 to 20 minutes and then rinse it off. Repeating this every day for at least 1-2 weeks could show you better results. This paste can help you in reducing the swelling of the thyroid gland and also relieve other associated symptoms.
Watercress is packed with iodine, essential minerals, and vitamin contents. This helps in treating the swelling of the thyroid gland naturally. The antioxidants present in this herb are essential for reducing the size of the goiter.
To use this home remedy for treating goiter naturally, add 2 teaspoons of dried watercress in one glass of water and drink it. You can also prepare a paste of fresh watercress by grinding the herb and then adding water to it and applying the freshly prepared paste of watercress on the neck for 2-3 times in a week.
Seaweed could be one of the best home remedies to treat goiter naturally. This is a great source of iodine that helps in producing thyroid hormones. Seaweed is also known to contain tyrosine or supportive amino acid that helps in the production of thyroid hormones.(9)
For using this you will need a handful of seaweed to be boiled to make a salad and add some dressing as per your choice. You should include this in your diet at least once or twice a week. However, make sure not to overdo it.
Bentonite clay could also work as an effective home remedy to treat goiter naturally. This is natural clay and helps in cleansing the body of toxin build-up and has also effective antimicrobial properties in it.(10)
You will need 2-3 tablespoons of bentonite clay and water to prepare a paste that is to be applied on the neck and then allow it to dry. After some time you need to wash it off with water. Applying this mask once in every 3 days could help you reduce swelling of the thyroid gland.
Lemon juice can help to treat goiter naturally. You will need 1 tablespoon of lemon juice, 1 clove of garlic, and 1 teaspoon of honey and mix them all well and drink in the morning to see the effect. Do this every day on an empty stomach every morning.
This home remedy works because both, lemon as well as garlic contain anti-inflammatory properties. This home remedy also helps in removing toxins that have accumulated in the body because of infections, by eliminating the micro-organisms with their anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.(11,12)
Pineapple can improve hormonal thyroid status and reduce the goiter size.(13) You will need 4-5 pineapple pieces, 1 medium-sized carrot, and 2 tomatoes. Blend all these and make a smooth juice and drink it. Drinking at least once every day could get you the best results in treating goiter naturally.
Kanchanar bark is known to have detoxifying nature and this makes it essential for treating goiter naturally. This detoxifies the lymphatic system and aids in reducing the symptoms of goiter. It is a popular Ayurvedic remedy for treating goiter since it balances the production of thyroid hormone and also reduces the thyroid swelling.
You need to take 10-15 grams of Kanchanar bark powder in 160 ml or a glass of water and boil the water till the quantity reduces to 40 ml.
Now, strain the liquid and drink the concoction two times daily, 30 minutes before taking your meals. Continue this home remedy for 2-3 months.
Malunggay Or Moringa:
Malunggay or Moringa leaves help in regulating the thyroid hormones’ production.(14) You can prepare an herbal tea from Moringa leaves that would give you the best results in treating goiter naturally.
You will need 1 tablespoon of dried Moringa leaves, and one cup of hot water. All you need to do is steep these leaves in hot water for some time and strain and drink the decoction. You should drink this herbal tea once daily to get the desired results.
Turmeric is an important spice that is known to offer tremendous beneficial properties that improve our health. Studies have found that the spice can be beneficial home remedy in treating goiter naturally.(15)
You need to heat the water in a pan and add turmeric powder to this water. Cook it slowly for 10 minutes until you get a thick paste and then add the black pepper along with oil and stir it well. Then, remove from the heat and store in an airtight jar. You need to take one teaspoon of this paste twice every day. This paste can be stored in the refrigerator for 2 weeks.
One of the best home remedies to treat goiter naturally is Ashwagandha. This herb is a potent Ayurvedic herb that aids in enhancing the function of the thyroid gland. Ashwagandha increases the production of T3 and T4 hormones.(16) Generally, the levels of cortisols are increased with chronic stress, this in turn impairs the proper functioning of thyroid hormones. Ashwagandha powder helps in fighting this chronic stress to stimulate endocrine secretions.
You will require 2 tablespoons of Ashwagandha bark powder and 160 ml of one glass of water. You need to add the powder to water and boil it until the concoction reduces to 40% of its original volume. Then you can strain and divide the concoction. You should drink one portion early in the morning on an empty stomach, and the second part in the evening. You can also add this powder to smoothies or milk. Drink it daily to get desired results.
Sorrel leaves contain a high amount of iodine in them and this is why they are beneficial in treating goiter naturally. Similarly, the anti-inflammatory properties of these leaves help in reducing the swelling and also act as a cooling agent.
You need to take a handful of these leaves and prepare a paste by adding some water. This paste is to be applied over your neck. Once you have applied the paste on your neck, allow it to rest for at least 30 minutes and then wash it off. You can repeat this process daily and experience the benefits gradually.
These leaves could also work as one of the best home remedies to treat goiter naturally. These leaves have some specific medicinal properties that make them quite beneficial in treating goiter.
Consuming these leaves helps in reducing the size of your goiter and also helps in easing any other related symptom. You can add these coleus leaves to salads.
Beetroot is another remedy that can be used for treating goiter. The betalain pigments present in beetroots are known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, thus making them beneficial for treating goiter. Eating beets can help in reducing inflammation.
You can eat beetroot either by boiling, steaming, or by baking it. You can also prepare smoothies and juices out of beetroots.
Taken from the cabbage palm tree, swamp cabbage is known to be the heart of the tree. The leaves of swamp cabbage are beneficial in treating goiter. Consuming these leaves can help in developing the thyroid hormones, and this would curb the onset of goiter.
Prepare a juice out of some leaves of swamp cabbage and drink one teaspoon of this juice along with tea almonds, once or twice every day.
Flax seeds have alpha-linolenic acid, which forms resolvins that are known to have anti-inflammatory properties. These anti-inflammatory properties might help in reducing swelling.
You will require 2-3 tablespoons of flax seeds and water. All you need to do is grind these flaxseeds and prepare a paste using a little amount of water. Then, apply this paste on your neck and allow it to stand for 20-30 minutes before washing. You need to do this once daily until the swelling of the thyroid gland goes away.
NOTE: Do not consume these flax seeds without talking with your doctor as this might have a contrary effect.
Garlic acts as an important home remedy to treat goiter naturally. Garlic stimulates the production of glutathione in your body since it has selenium, which is essential for the healthy functioning of the thyroid gland.(17)
You will need 3-4 garlic cloves that you need to chew in the morning. You can add a little amount of honey to it before ingesting. Do this every day in the morning.
Dried Oak Bark:
Dried oak bark has got anti-inflammatory properties and that helps in shrinking the size of the goiter. The oak bark alleviates several symptoms of goiter when applied. Anti-inflammatory substances are proven to be highly effective in reducing the swelling, and oak bark contains anti-inflammatory properties in it.
You need to take 2-3 teaspoons of dried oak bark powder that is to be mixed with water for preparing a paste. This paste is to be applied over your neck and allowed to stay overnight. You can get effective results by doing this every night.
Nuts are not just packed with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, but also exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.(18) Among all nuts, the richest sources of selenium is present in Brazil nuts. Selenium works as a stimulating factor in converting the T4 hormone into the most active form, T3 hormone.
You will need a handful of nuts that is to be soaked overnight and then consumed in the morning as a snack or in between your meals every day.
Lemon Balm Tea:
Lemon balm is a potent stress booster. This helps in reducing psychological stress, which is the most common cause of developing thyroid disorders.(19)
You will require 2 tablespoons of dried lemon balm or 2 teaspoons of fresh lemon balm, honey, and one cup of hot water.
You will have to pour the hot water over the lemon balm and allow the tea steep for a few minutes. Ensure that you keep the lip on while preparing the tea, as it would prevent the aromatic oils of the lemon balm from escaping with the steam. Strain the decoction and then add a little honey for taste and sip the warm herbal tea. Drink 2-3 cups of lemon balm tea daily until you see improvements in the symptoms of goiter.
Egg whites can also work as a great remedy for treating goiter naturally. Egg whites have natural astringent property that is known to shrink large pores. Applying egg whites over the goiter-affected area works by shrinking the pores and tightening the tissue.
For using this as a home remedy to treat goiter naturally, you need to whip 2 egg whites, and apply it to the affected area over the neck and allow it to stand for 15 minutes before rinsing it off using warm water.
Many people experience palpitations along with a fast heartbeat because of hyperthyroidism. These symptoms of goiter can be alleviated by using motherwort.(2)
For using this home remedy you will require ½ to 1 teaspoon of mother worth herb, ½ teaspoon of honey, and a cup of hot water. Brew motherwort tea and add a little bit of honey for taste and drink the tea. Drinking this twice daily would give you the best results.
One more way to treat goiter naturally is by taking Fish oil supplements daily. Fish oil is loaded with omega-3 fatty acids, which help to metabolize thyroid hormone in your liver. (21)
You will need the fish oil supplements either in the form of the capsule or in its liquid form. Take this supplement daily once to see the improvement in your condition.
One of the primary causes of goiter is the lack of iodine in the body. Iodine must be consumed daily to avoid the appearance of goiter. The primary way to add iodine in your body is to consume iodine-rich fruits and vegetables.
Consume more vegetables and fruits like potatoes, green beans, corn, prunes, bananas, strawberries, and cranberries.
The functioning of the thyroid gland is impacted directly by the selenium levels in the body. You need to consume foods that have a fair content of selenium since selenium is required for your thyroid gland to function properly.
Foods rich in selenium are sunflower seeds, onions, shellfish, barley, mushrooms, poultry, eggs, meat, fatty fish, tuna, Brazil nuts, wheat germ, and oats which must be included in your daily diet.
Stretching exercises for the neck could help in treating goiter. These neck exercises can help stretch the muscles that are connected to your thyroid gland and can reduce the thyroid swelling.
Upward Neck Stretch:
Sit on a stable chair and lift your chin upwards. Stretch your neck as much as you can and then remain in that position for a few seconds. Repeat this neck exercise 10-12 times.
Sideways Neck Stretch:
Bend your neck to the side slowly in a way that your ear touches the shoulder. Stretch as much as you can and then repeat the same on the other side. Do at least 10 repetitions on each side.
NOTE: Do not exert or overdo yourself while trying to do these neck stretching exercises. Stretch only as much as you can without causing any discomfort or pain to yourself. Stop the exercise immediately in case you feel any pain while doing these neck exercises.
We are now well aware of so many home remedies that can be used to treat goiter naturally. While these best home remedies for treating goiter can help you, one should make sure that they are being used only after consultation with the doctor and also along with the medications prescribed by your doctor. You should not use these home remedies as a replacement for your medical treatments. Moreover, one must eat lots of foods containing minerals like iodine and selenium and also keep doing the neck exercises for the best results.
There is no doubt that Goiter can produce several unpleasant symptoms; however, it is not an untreatable condition. The appropriate combination of your prescribed medications and the home remedies and goiter-friendly diet and neck exercises together can treat the symptoms of Goiter and also the underlying causes quite effectively.
- Also Read:
- What is a Goiter, Know its Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
- Toxic Nodular Goiter or Plummer Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Complications