Mood disorders include various conditions that are symptomatized by the presence of varied moods including maniac and depression. Although various mood disorders exist, the common are mania, clinical or major depression and bipolar disorder.

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Is Mood Disorder The Same As Bipolar?

Mood disorders are a group of disorders which are related to the alteration in the mood of the patient. These disorders range from an elevated mood to extremely down mood. There is a significant shift in the mood of the patient suffering from a mood disorder and the person’s ability to thinking and concentrating is seriously prejudiced.

There are various types of mood disorders but generally found mood disorders are kept in the category known as common mood disorders. The common mood disorders are manic, depression and bipolar disorder. Thus, bipolar disorder is the subcategory of mood disorder and has been categorized as a commonly found mood disorder. Manic is a condition characterized by the presence of high energy and elevated mood. The patient shows extreme excitement and has increased irritability. Depression is a common phenomenon which is the result of circumstances such as death. However, in some people, the depression goes on for months without any causative factor or even when the situation disappears. Such cases are classified as major depression or clinical depression. Bipolar disorder is a condition characterized by the swinging of moods between the above two extremes. Bipolar disorder and mood disorder are not different rather bipolar disorder comes under the category of common mood disorders.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a type of common mood disorder and is characterized by the mood of the patient swinging between mania and major depression. The shift also involves energy level and activity. The patient suffering from this disorder fails to think clearly and the capacity of rational thinking is significantly reduced. There are various types of bipolar disorders depending upon the symptoms and severity of the disease.

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Bipolar Disorder Type I. This is the most severe form of the disease and is characterized by the presence of rapid shifting from the mood of mania to clinical depression. The symptoms of these types are serious, and the patient becomes violent, irritated and has strong suicidal thoughts.

Bipolar Disorder Type II. This condition is milder than type I and the patient experiences milder mood elevation and minor clinical depression. In such patients, the symptoms of depression are severe as compared to mania symptoms.

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Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder

The bipolar disorder is characterized by the presence of mood swinging in between mania and major depression. Thus, the patient should be symptomatic to both these non-simultaneous conditions. Following are the symptoms to look for in the patients suffering from bipolar disorder.

Lack Of Energy Or Elevated Energy. The patient of bipolar disorder may have either very low energy as seen in depression or very high or elevated energy as seen in manic.

Suicidal Thoughts. The patient suffering from bipolar disorder may suffer from suicidal as well as homicidal thoughts.

Lack Of Concentration. Bipolar disorder significantly reduces the patient’s ability to think focus and concentrate. The patient has diminished rational thinking and has a delay in decision making.

Altered Appetite. The patient may either have increased appetite or no appetite. This may be due to frequent episodes of manic and clinical depression.

Social Isolation. The person with bipolar disorder isolates himself from the friends and family and refuse to attend get-togethers. This may be due to a lack of interest in these activities.

Impulsive Action. The person suffering from bipolar disorder has increased impulsive action and is generally violent. Such patients indulge in risky games such as gambling.

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder is different from mood disorder in a way that former is the subset of the latter. Mood disorder is a mental illness and includes various clinically significant mood conditions. Bipolar disorder is the swinging of mood between mania and depression.

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Pramod Kerkar

Written, Edited or Reviewed By:

, MD,FFARCSI

Pain Assist Inc.

Last Modified On: February 18, 2019

This article does not provide medical advice. See disclaimer

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