Myofascial pain syndrome is a condition that affects the connective tissue that covers the muscles called fascia. There is inflammation and pain in the muscles. Either a single or a group of muscles may be affected. In this syndrome when pressure is applied over the muscle, intense pain is generated. Sometimes even when this pain may be felt in other muscles and this is called referred pain.
Myofascial pain can be caused due to repetition of motions causing inflammation of the muscles. In some cases even lack of mobility of the muscle also causes pain like when you have a fracture in a bone and keep it immobile for a long duration. (1)
Home Remedies For Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome can be managed at home with the help of some tips and tricks like:
Relaxation– When you are under a lot of stress and tension, so are the muscles and this leads to pain in the muscles. You must try to find out various methods that can help you to relax. Some of the methods are to meditation, writing your own journal or personal diary; going out for a walk with your loved one can also help you a lot.
Exercising- We know there is intense pain in the muscles in myofascial pain syndrome but whenever the pain is a little less, you must try to move your muscles. Strenuous exercise is not allowed so you must do gentle exercises and these can help you a lot to cope up with your pain. You can also ask you health care provider to provide you a physical therapist who will teach you all the exercises and movements that will help you relieve pain in muscles.
Proper Diet- You must eat healthy food items like lots of vegetables and fruits to keep your body healthy.
Proper Rest- Take proper rest and care of your body. Have good night’s sleep for enough time to keep your body relaxed. This will help you a lot to cope up with pain. (2)
Self-Massaging- You can give massage to yourself that will help you to reduce pain in the muscles. There are many trigger points all over the body, massaging these trigger points will help you in reducing pain in that muscle. Your fingertips, fist, elbow, thumbs or tools like tennis ball can be used to gently massage the trigger points. It has also been seen that massaging on your own is more helpful than massage by a therapist. Also when you learn to massage on your own you can do it whenever and wherever you experience pain in the muscles. (3)
Other treatment options for myofascial pain syndrome:
Pain Killers Or Pain Relievers- Few over the counter medications that can be of help to you to reduce pain are ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. Some people might benefit from these while others might need more powerful pain relievers and your doctor may prescribe the medications as per your need. There are some patches available that have painkillers in it and these patches are applied on the skin and they keep on releasing the medication in desired amount throughout the time
Anti-Depressants: There are certain anti-depressants that help to relieve pain and aches in the muscles. Doctors usually prescribe amitriptyline for patients with myofascial pain syndrome. This anti-depressant also helps to get you a better sleep by improving the quality of sleep.
Sedatives- Sedatives help by reducing anxiety and improving sleep also. Commonly used sedative is clonazepam. The adverse affects of sedatives include feeling sleepy throughout the day and tendency for habit formation as the patient gets used to the more and more.
Heat Therapy- You can apply heat to the desired area of pain by using hot packs. Heat helps a lot in releasing muscle tension and relieving pain in the muscles.
Ultrasound Therapy- In this therapy, ultrasound waves are used and are projected on the areas where you have muscle pain. These waves help by increasing blood circulation and also increasing warmth. This helps in quick healing of the muscle fibers that have been affected due to myofascial pain syndrome. (2)
Myofascial pain syndrome is a painful condition of the muscles. There is intense pain in the muscles that occurs either due to excessive use of that muscle or due to immobility of the muscle. There are medical treatment options available for this disease. Few home remedies also help you a long way to cope with this disease; some of the methods that you can try at home to relieve pain are- massaging the trigger points, getting proper sleep, eating healthy foods, gently exercising, etc.
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