Mood disorder is a chronic and common disorder of mind that affects the function of mind in a normal situation. It creates impaired thinking or reaction of a person. The person with mood disorder starts thinking negatively on every aspect of life and loses his ability to function properly. His emotions can be extreme happiness, sadness, depression, emptiness or gloominess. The symptoms of this disorder depend on the type of mood disorder a person is having. It is a serious disease that may result in negative thoughts leading self-destruction and even suicide. It can be treated with modern medicines and psychotherapies.
Is Mood Disorder Curable?
Mood disorders are curable. There are certain factors that can influence the treatment-
- Health and age of the patient
- The past medical and family history
- The type of mood disorder present in the patient
- Tolerances and intolerances of the patient towards the medicines prescribed
- Family support
The treatment options that can manage mood disorders are-
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy– this therapy to cure mood disorders focuses on distorted and self-defeating thought patterns and helps the patient to replace them with healthy thoughts. The treatment uses cognitive and behavioral theories in a single method to modify the actions and behaviors of the patient. This therapy helps the patient to overcome one’s fears. It is most effective in treating depression and anxiety.
Antipsychotic Drug Therapy– this therapy to cure mood disorders is mostly indicated in severe cases of mood disorders such as bipolar disorders. Patients may be hospitalized if they have dangerous psychotic behaviors. Mood stabilizing and antipsychotic drugs can pacify the symptoms.
Electroconvulsive Therapy– in this therapy to cure mood disorders, electric stimulation is given to the brain to rectify the abnormal circuits that control emotions. It is beneficial especially in cases of major depression and suicidal thoughts. In modern days, this therapy represents modernized methods that can effectively treat the disorder.
Natural Supplements– natural supplements such as st.John’s wart. S-adenosylmethionine and omega-3 fatty acids can help in stabilizing the mood, improving the emotional imbalances and reducing the anxiety.
Mood disorders are the disorders of mind that interfere with the mental well being and its function. It is a common and serious disorder. This disorder deviates one’s reaction to circumstances and it affects his ability to function. The affected person may not understand this condition. The disorder may cause high alternation of his emotions from feeling too much depressed or too much happy in a non-relevant situation.
Mood disorders influence one’s mood and may increase the risk of self-destruction or suicide. The affected person feels bad, empty, sad, depressed and lonely.
Causes Of Mood Disorders
The causes of mood disorder are not clear. There are combinations of factors that can cause mood disorders are following-
- Abnormalities that disturb the functions of brain circuits that control emotions
- Isolation from society
- Long-standing stress
- Chronic medical illness
- Poor in coping with or adjusting with the problems of life
Symptoms Of Mood Disorders
The symptoms of mood disorders are dependent on their type. The common symptoms of mood disorders are-
- Cannot concentrate on anything
- Feeling of hopelessness
- Reduced or excess appetite
- Low confidence
- Inability to perform normal work
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Difficulty in making decisions
- Feeling of emptiness
- Mood swings
- Extremely happy or extremely sad
- Bad feeling, feeling of guilt
- Depressed all the time
- Destructive thoughts
- Suicidal tendency
- Depression alternating with mania
Mood disorders are the disorders characterized by inappropriate functioning of the mind in normal circumstances. It leads to extreme deviation of emotions or mood of a person such as extreme sad, depressed, gloomy or extremely happy. Mood disorders are curable with modern medical techniques discussed above.