The circulatory system consists of heart and the blood vessels. Blood vessels that bring the blood to the heart are known as veins and the ones that take the blood away from the heart are known as arteries. The function of blood is to transport oxygen, nutrients, hormones, antibodies and many more to different parts of the body. It also carries the waste produces like carbon dioxide, nitrogenous wastes, etc. to the corresponding excretory organs. To perform all these functions efficiently, there should be a minimum pressure in the blood which is referred to as blood pressure without which flow of blood through the blood vessels would be impossible. The pressure in the blood is more near aorta and is least near the end of arteries. The difference in this blood pressure makes it to move easily throughout the body. Due to the elasticity of the arterial walls, the pressure created in the blood vessels is maintained throughout.
Sphygmomanometer is the device used to measure blood pressure by noting two readings. The larger figure out of two is the systolic pressure caused by contraction of the heart and the smaller figure indicates the diastolic pressure that is obtained when the heart relaxes and is the value which is obtained in between two heart beats. The normal blood pressure is having the systolic pressure between 90 to 120 mmHg and diastolic between 60 to 80 mmHg1. The reading below the minimum of these ranges is considered as low blood pressure. Systolic pressure above 140 mmHg and diastolic above 90 mmHg is considered as hypertension or high blood pressure. It is very essential to maintain a blood pressure at the normal level to avoid many serious medical conditions. Other than the medicines, there are certain natural treatments to lower or maintain the blood pressure levels which we will discuss in this article.
Natural Treatment for High Blood Pressure
Though there are several treatments for lowering blood pressure, controlling it by natural means is the best way to maintain for long term. Some of the lifestyle changes that could be brought in as a natural treatment for high blood pressure are:
Reduction of Sodium in Diet: Sodium intake influences the blood pressure and is one of the reasons for hypertension2. So it is always better to have a quantity of less than 1500mg per day. Ready and processed foods contain more sodium. So better to go through the labels and then decide how much to consume or to avoid completely.
Management of Stress as a Natural Treatment for High Blood Pressure: A person who is unable to manage stress and suffers for long term is more prone to hypertension3. Stress can be caused due to various reasons. Understanding the conditions and accepting that some things cannot be changed can make the situations a little better. Psychologists and psychiatrists often conduct workshops on learning how to manage stress and be emotionally healthy. People are advised to get the benefit of those classes.
Planning the Work: Listing the things which are possible and giving the preferential attention is nothing but planning. Preferences should be given for those which have to be done immediately and are necessary. Completing the work according to one’s preferences brings satisfaction at the same time relaxes the mind.
Regular Exercise: Exercises may be as simple as walking, aerobics and jogging; may include cycling, dancing or swimming too. Studies suggest regarding reduction of blood pressure on doing regular exercises4,5.
Weight Loss: Management of weight is also very important which can bring about many changes in health. Weight loss lowers the pressure also6. Being overweight or obese have influence on breathing and thus increases the blood pressure7.
Diet as a Natural Treatment for High Blood Pressure: A healthy balanced diet contributes a lot to manage blood pressure. Increasing potassium is as important as controlling sodium in diet. Potassium helps to reduce the effect of sodium8. While consuming the fruits and vegetables, it is good to choose the ones rich in potassium and have high fiber content.
Consumption of Herbs as a Natural Treatment for High Blood Pressure: Some herbs like garlic, basil, cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, flax and celery seeds are known to bring down the elevated blood pressure to normal. People can use these after consulting with the health professionals.
In olden days, most of the people could maintain the health as they used to have fresh and pesticide-free foods and do all the works by themselves. This was a kind of exercise as they were involved in different physical activities. Nowadays, the advancement of technology has lead to many new inventions which saves the time. Of course, this is an advantage and is required for today’s fast life. However, it is somewhat disadvantageous too when it is seen from the health perspective. It requires less involvement of humans which reduces the usage of muscles in turn minimizing the exercise. The sedentary life style has lead to many health problems. In this circumstance, it is advised to maintain the health by following the tips mentioned above.
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